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Goh Keng Swee Command & Staff College (GKS CSC)


About Goh Keng Swee Command & Staff College (GKS CSC)

The Goh Keng Swee Command and Staff College (GKS CSC) is the Singapore Armed Forces' premier educational institution. All SAF’s leaders pass through the portals of GKS CSC.

GKS CSC Website



Singapore

  1. “The Singapore Story: Memoirs of Lee Kuan Yew”, Lee Kuan Yew, 1998. [ E-Book, Hard copy]

Leadership & Command

  1. “Spirit and System: Leadership Development for a Third Generation SAF” in Pointer Monograph No. 4, Chan Kim Yin, 2005. [ E-Article]
    • Related Article: “Transformational Leadership for the 3rd Generation SAF” in Pointer Vol. 35 No. 2, Gareth Wong Wei Han, 2009. [ E-Article]
  2. “On Command” in Pointer Supplement, 2009. [ E-Article]
  3. “Leading in the Third Generation SAF” in Pointer Monograph No. 9, 2012. [ E-Article]
  4. “Dynamic Governance: Embedding Culture, Capabilities and Change in Singapore”, Neo Boon Siong and Geraldine Chen, 2007. [ E-Book, Hard copy]
  5. “Military Leadership in the 21st Century: Supplementary Readings from Military Professional Journals & Conferences”, Chan Kim-Yin, 2010. [ Hard copy]

Operation Art

  1. “The Levels of War, Operational Art and Campaign Planning”, Ash Irwin, 1993. [ Hard copy]
  2. “The Utility of Force: The Art of War in the Modern World”, Rupert Smith, 2008. [ E-Book, E-Article, Hard copy]
  3. “Strategy in the Contemporary World: An Introduction to Strategic Studies”, John Baylis, 2007. [ Hard copy]
  4. “Sun Zi: The Art of War”, Chou Hou Wee, 1994. [ Hard copy]

Land Warfare

  1. “The Art of Maneuver: Maneuver Warfare Theory and Airland Battle”, Robert R. Leonhard, 1991. [ E-Book, Hard copy]
  2. “Combined Arms: Warfare in the Twentieth Century”, Jonathan M. House, 2001. [ E-Article, Hard copy]

Air Warfare

  1. “The Age of Airpower”, Martin Van Creveld, 2011. [ E-Book, Hard copy]
  2. “The Air Campaign: John Warden and the Classical Airpower Theorists”, David R. Mets, 1999. [ E-Article, Hard copy]
  3. “Airpower: Theory and Practice”, John Gooch, 1995. ) [ E-Book, E-Article, Hard copy]
  4. “Air Power in the Nuclear Age, 1945-82: Theory and Practice”, Michael Armitage and R. A. Mason, 1983.
  5. “Airpower in Small Wars: Fighting Insurgents and Terrorists”, James S. Corum & Wray R. Johnson, 2003. [ Hard copy]
  6. “The Paths of Heaven: The Evolution of Airpower Theory”, Phillip S. Meilinger, 1997. [ E-Article, Hard copy]
  7. “The Transformation of American Air Power”, Benjamin S. Lambeth, 2000. [ Hard copy]
  8. “Leading With Honour”, Lee Ellis, 2012. [ Hard copy]
  9. “A History of Air Warfare”, John Andreas Olsen, 2010. [ E-Book, Hard copy]
  10. “Why Air Forces Fail: The Anatomy of Defeat”, Robin Higham and Stephen J. Harris, 2006. [ E-Book, Hard copy]

Maritime Warfare

  1. “Seapower: A Guide for the Twenty-first Century”, Geoffrey Till, 2013. [ E-Book, E-Article, Hard copy]
  2. “The Best of Times, The Worst of Times: Maritime Security in the Asia-Pacific”, Joshua Ho and Catherine Zara Raymond, 2005. [ E-Book, Hard copy]
  3. “Contemporary Maritime Piracy in Southeast Asia. History, Causes and Remedies”, Adam J. Young, 2007. [ E-Article, Hard copy]
  4. “Lloyd’s MIU Handbook of Maritime Security”, Peter Lehr and Rupert Herbert-Burns, 2008. [ E-Article]

War and Conflict

  1. “Cyber offense in NATO: challenges and opportunities”, Jeppe T. Jacobsen, 2021 [eArticle]
  2. “Humanitarian challenges and the targeting of civilian infrastructure in the Yemen war”, Jeannie Sowers and Erika Weinthal, 2021 [ eArticle]
  3. “The future war studies community and the Chinese revolution in military affairs”, Kai Liao, 2020 [eArticle]
  4. “Soundscapes of war: the audio-visual performance of war by Shi'a militias in Iraq and Syria”, Helle Malmvig, 2020 [ eArticle]
  5. “Wartime paradigms and the future of western military power”, Olivier Schmitt, 2020 [eArticle]
  6. “Technology, war and the state: past, present and future”, Warren Chin, 2019 [eArticle]
  7. “Nuclear disarmament and the end of the chemical weapons 'system of restraint'”, James J. Wirtz, 2019 [eArticle]
  8. “Targeting infrastructure and livelihoods in the West Bank and Gaza”, Erika Weinthal and Jeannie Sowers, 2019 [eArticle]
  9. “International law and its transformation through the outlawry of war”, Oona A. Hathaway and Scott J. Shapiro, 2019 [eArticle]
  10. “Grey is the new black: covert action and implausible deniability”, Rory Cormac and Richard J. Aldrich, 2018 [eArticle]
  11. “State media and civil society in the information warfare over Ukraine: citizen curators of digital disinformation”, Yevgeniy Golovchenko, Mareike Hartmann and Rebecca Adler-Nissen, 2018 [ eArticle]
  12. “Sexual exploitation and abuse in peace operations: trends, policy responses and future directions”, Jasmine-Kim Westendorf and Louise Searle, 2017 [eArticle]
  13. “What after counter-insurgency? Raiding in zones of turmoil”, Efraim Inbar and Eitan Shamir, 2016 [eArticle]
  14. “NATO contracting in Afghanistan: the problem of principal-agent networks”, Elke Krahmann, 2016 [eArticle]
  15. “'Beyond anything we have ever seen': beheading videos and the visibility of violence in the war against ISIS”, Simone Molin Friis, 2015 [eArticle]

War and Technology

  1. “Technology and War: From 2000 B.C. to the Present”, Martin Van Creveld, 1991. [ Hard copy]
  2. “The New Face of War: How War Will Be Fought in the 21st Century”, Bruce D. Berkowitz, 2003. [ Hard copy]
  3. Other articles highlighted for Command and Staff Course as part of the SAF Professional Reading List:
    • “The Use of Counter Improvised Explosive Device Information to Achieve Battlefield Effects For Targeting And Information Operations” in Pointer Vol. 41 No. 4, Adrian Lee, 2008. [ Hard copy]
    • “Full Spectrum Operations - A Viable Strategic Posture for the SAF?” in Pointer Vol. 41 No. 4, Eramus Jacques Wei-Ren, 2008. [ Hard copy]
    • “Will Strengthening The SAF Mean Strengthening Singapore's Deterrence As A Non-Nuclear State?” in Pointer Vol. 41 No. 4, Lee Li Huat, 2008. [ Hard copy]
    • “Transparency: The Stand Between Clear And Opaque in Pointer Vol. 41 No. 4, Goh Kiam Seng, 2008. [ Hard copy]
    • “Professional Excellence for the Army Engineer” in Pointer Vol. 41 No. 4, Calvin Seah Ser Thong, 2008. [ Hard copy]
  4. “Contemporary Security Studies”, Alan Collins, 2016. [ Hard copy]

SAF Monographs

(Available to international officers during the course)

  1. “Creating the Capacity to Change: Defence Entrepreneurship for the 21st Century” in Pointer Monograph 1, Choy Dawen, 2003. [ Hard copy]
  2. “Realising Integrated Knowledge-Based Command and Control: Transforming the SAF” in Pointer Monograph 2, Jacqueline Lee, 2003. [ Hard copy]
  3. “Spirit and System: Leadership Development for a Third Generation SAF” in Pointer Monograph 4, Chan Kim Yin, 2005. [ Hard copy]
  4. “Goh Keng Swee: A Portrait”, Tan Siok Sun, 2007. [ E-Book, Hard copy]
  5. “Goh Keng Swee: A Legacy of Public Service”, Emrys Chew and Kwa Chong Guan, 2012. [ E-Book, Hard copy]

Campaign and War Studies

Foundational Texts

  1. “Introduction to Global Military History: 1775 to the Present Day”, Jeremy Black, 2012.[ Hard copy][ E-Book]
  2. “Strategy in the Contemporary World: An Introduction to Strategic Studies”, John Baylis, James Wirtz, Eliot Cohen, and Colin S. Gray, 2013. [ Hard copy]
  3. “Makers of Modern Strategy: from Machiavelli to the Nuclear Age”, Peter Paret, 1986.[ Hard copy]
  4. “The Oxford History of Modern War”, Charles Townshend, 2005.[ Hard copy][ E-Book]
  5. “Strategy: A History”, Lawrence Freedman, 2013.[ Hard copy][ E-Book]

CWS 1: The Concept and Dimensions of War & Strategy

Recommended Reading

  1. “Strategic Theory” in Strategy in the Contemporary World: An Introduction to Strategic Studies, pp. 60-74, John Baylis, James Wirtz, and Colin S. Gray, 2013.[ Hard copy]
  2. “The Evolution of Strategy: Thinking War from Antiquity to the Present”, pp. 3-35, Beatrice Heuser, 2010.[ Hard copy]
  3. “On War”, pp. 75-123, Carl von Clausewitz, 1976.[ Hard copy][ E-Book]

Additional Reading

  1. “Clausewitz, Nonlinearity and the Unpredictability of War”, pp. 59-90, Alan Beyerchen, 1995.[ Hard copy]
  2. “Arms and Influence”, pp. 1-34 and 126-189, Thomas C. Schelling, 2008. [ Hard copy][ E-Book]
  3. “Strategy: The Logic of War and Peace”, pp. 1-31, Edward N. Luttwak, 1987. [ Hard copy]
  4. “The Continuing Relevance of Strategic Studies in the Post-Cold War Era”, pp. 1-14, John Baylis, 2001. [ E-Article]
  5. “Reclaiming the Clausewitzian Trinity”, Christopher Bassford and Edward J. Villacres, 1995. [ E-Article]
  6. “Modern Strategy”, Colin S. Gray, 1999.[ Hard copy]
  7. “The Causes of Wars and other Essays”, Michael Howard, 1983.[ Hard copy]
  8. “The Transformation of War”, Martin Van Creveld, 1991. [ Hard copy]
  9. “The Direction of War: Contemporary Strategy in Historical Perspective”, Hew Strachan, 2013.[ Hard copy]
  10. “The Military Revolution Debate: Readings on the military transformation of Early Modern Europe”, Clifford Rogers, 1995.[ Hard copy][ E-Book]
  11. “Understanding War: Essays on Clausewitz and the History of Military Power”, Peter Paret, 1992. [ Hard copy]
  12. “Coercion, Capital, and European States”, Charles Tilly, 1990. [ E-Article]
  13. “War and Technology”, Jeremy Black, 2013 [ Hard copy][ E-Book]

CWS 2: Conceptualising the Centre of Gravity

Required Reading

  1. “Reining in the Center of Gravity Concept”, Antulio Echevarria, 2003. [ E-Article]
  2. “Centers of Gravity & Critical Vulnerabilities: Building on the Clausewitzian Foundation So We Can All Speak the Same Language. Perspectives on Warfighting Number Four”, Joseph Strange, 1996. [ E-Article]
  3. “The Enemy as a System”, pp. 40-55, John Warden, 1995. [ E-Article]
  4. “Moltke and the German Military Tradition: His Theories and Legacies”, Antulio Echevarria, 1996. [ E-Article]
  5. “Clausewitz‘s Center of Gravity: Changing Our Warfighting Doctrine – Again!”, Antulio Echevarria, 2002. [ E-Article]
  6. “A Logical Method for Center-of-Gravity Analysis”, pp. 62-66, Dale Eikmeier, 2007. [ E-Article]
  7. “Planning versus Chaos in Clausewitz‘s On War”, pp. 129-51, Terence Holmes, 2007. [ E-Article]
  8. “A Concept at the Crossroads: Rethinking the Centre of Gravity”, Rudolph M. Janiczek, 2007. [ E-Article]
  9. “Center of Gravity or Center of Confusion: Understanding the Mystique”, Lee Seow Hiang, 1999 [ Hard copy]
  10. “Centre of Gravity”, Milan Vego, 2000. [ E-Article]
  11. “Clausewitzian Friction and Future War”, Barry D. Watts, 1996. [ Hard copy]
  12. “The Air Campaign: Planning for Combat”, John Warden, 1988 [ Hard copy]
  13. “Clausewitz and Contemporary Conflict” in Infinity Journal, February 2012.

CWS 3: Direct and Indirect Strategies: Annihilation, Dislocation and Attrition

Required Reading

  1. “Strategy”, pp. 319-337, Basil Liddell Hart, 1991. [ Hard copy]
  2. “The Evolution of Modern Land Warfare: Theory and Practice”, Chapters 3-4, Christopher Bellamy, 1990. [ Hard copy][ E-Book]
  3. “The Art of Manoeuvre: Manoeuvre-Warfare Theory and Airland Battle”, Chapters 1 & 2, Robert R. Leonhard, 1990. [ E-Book]

Additional Reading

  1. “The Science of War: Back to First Principles”, pp. 63-81, Brian Holden Reid, 1993.[ E-Book]
  2. “JFC Fuller‘s Theory of Mechanized Warfare” in The Journal of Strategic Studies 1(3), pp. 295-312, Brian Holden Reid, 1978.
  3. “The Pursuit of Victory from Napoleon to Saddam Hussein”, Brian Bond, 1998.[ E-Book]
  4. “Combined Arms: Warfare in the Twentieth Century”, Jonathan M. House, 2001. [ E-Book]
  5. “The Operational Level of War” in International Security Vol. 5 No. 3, Edward N. Luttwak, 1980-1981.
  6. “Toward a Better Understanding of Attrition: The Korean and Vietnam Wars” in Journal of Military History Vol. 68 No. 3, pp. 911-942, Carter Malkasian, 2004.
  7. “Military Power: Land Warfare in Theory and Practice”, Brian Holden Reid, 1997.[ Hard copy][ E-Book]
  8. “The Dogma of the Battle of Annihilation: The Theories of Clausewitz and Schlieffen and their Impact on the German Conduct of two World Wars”, Jehuda L. Wallach, 1986.[ Hard copy]
  9. “Liddell Hart‘s Theory of Armoured Warfare: Revising the Revisionists” in The Journal of Strategic Studies 19(1), pp. 1-30, Azar Gat, 1996.
  10. “J.F.C. Fuller and B.H. Liddell Hart—A Comparison: Taken from '89 Lecture at the USA Command and General Staff College” in Military Review (May), pp. 64-73, Brian Holden Reid, 1990.
  11. “Moltke, Schlieffen, and the Doctrine of Strategic Envelopment” in Makers of Modern Strategy from Machiavelli to the Nuclear Age, pp. 296-325, Günther Rothenberg, 1986. [ Hard copy]
  12. “Maneuver Warfare: An Anthology”, Richard Hooker, 1993. [ Hard copy]
  13. “Maneuver Warfare Handbook”, William S. Lind, 1985.[ Hard copy][ E-Book]
  14. “In Pursuit of Military Excellence: The Evolution of Operational Theory”, Shimon Naveh, 1997. [ Hard copy][ E-Book]
  15. “In Praise of Attrition” in Parameters (Summer), pp. 24-32, Ralph Peters, 2004. [ E-Article]

CWS 4: Maritime & Naval Strategy

Required Reading

  1. “One Hundred Days. The Memoirs of the Falklands Battle Group Commander”, Chapter 14, Sandy Woodward (with Patrick Robinson), 1992. [ Hard copy]
  2. “The Official History of the Falklands Campaign” (Vol 2: War and diplomacy), Skim Chapter 4 for background, Chapters 32 & 33, Lawrence Freedman, 2005. [ Hard copy][ E-Book]
  3. “Understanding Victory: Naval Operations from Trafalgar to the Falklands”, Chapter 5, Geoffrey Till, 2014.[ E-Book]

Recommended Videos

  1. 20th Century Battlefields: Falklands[ video]
  2. The Falklands Legacy, Max Hastings, BBC [ video]

Key Conceptual Reading

  1. “The Influence of Seapower Upon History, 1660-1783”, pp. 25-89, Alfred Thayer Mahan, 1890.[ E-Book]
  2. “Some Principles of Maritime Strategy” in Strategic Studies: A Reader, pp. 122-134, Thomas Mahnken and Joseph Maiolo, 2008. [ Hard copy][ E-Book]
  3. “The Naval Historian” in Makers of Modern Strategy: from Machiavelli to the Nuclear Age, pp. 444-477, Philip Crowl, 1986.[ Hard copy]
  4. “The Heartland Theory then and now” in Geopolitics, Geography and Strategy, pp. 15–38, Geoffrey Sloan, 1999.[ Hard copy][ E-Book]
  5. “Seapower: A Guide for the 21st Century”, Chapters 1-3, Geoffrey Till, 2013.[ Hard copy][ E-Book]

Additional Reading

  1. “Seapower and Strategy”, Colin S. Gray & Roger W. Barnett, 1989.[ Hard copy]
  2. “The Rise and Fall of British Naval Mastery”, Introduction: The Elements of Sea Power and Chapter 7: Mahan Versus Mackinder, Paul Kennedy, 1991.[ Hard copy]
  3. “Seapower as Strategy: Navies and National Interest”, Norman Friedman, 2001. [ Hard copy]
  4. “Reading Clausewitz”, Chapter 6: Clausewitz Gone to Sea, Sir Julian Corbett, Beatrice Heuser, 2002. [ Hard copy]
  5. “The imperial vision of Halford Mackinder” in Geographical Journal (December), pp. 322-329, Brian Blouet, 2004. [ E-Article]
  6. “The Battle of the Atlantic” in The Journal of Strategic Studies (March), pp. 45-66, Marc Milner, 1990.
  7. “A History of Military Thought: From the Enlightenment to the Cold War”, pp. 472-493, Azar Gat, 2001.[ Hard copy]
  8. “Alfred Thayer Mahan and American Naval Theory” in Navies and Global Defense: Theories and Strategy, pp. 51-67, John Hattendorf, 1995. [ Hard copy][ E-Book]
  9. “Assault from the Sea: The Development of Amphibious Warfare between the Wars. The American, British, and Japanese Experiences” in Military Innovation in the Interwar Period, pp. 50-95, Williamson Murray and Allan Millet, 1996. [ Hard copy][ E-Book]
  10. “War Plan Orange: The U.S. Strategy to Defeat Japan, 1897–1945”, Edward Miller. 1991.[ Hard copy]
  11. “The Two Ocean War: A Short History of the United States Navy in the Second World War”, Samuel E. Morison, 1963. [ Hard copy]
  12. “Eagle Against the Sun: The American War with Japan”, Ronald Spector, 1984. [ Hard copy]

CWS 5: Airpower Theory and Practice

Required Reading

  1. “Inventing Grand Strategy and Teaching Command: The Classic Works of Alfred Thayer Mahan Reconsidered”, Jon Tetsuro Sumida, 1997. [ Hard copy]
  2. “Waging Modern War. Bosnia, Kosovo, and the Future of Combat”, Chapter 10, Wesley K. Clark, 2001. [ Hard copy]
  3. “Kosovo and the Great Air Power Debate” in International Security, Vol. 24, No. 4, pp. 5-38, Daniel L. Byman and Matthew C. Waxman, 2000.[ E-Article]
  4. “A Clear Victory for Air Power: NATO‘s Empty Threat to Invade Kosovo” in International Security 27 (3), pp. 124-157, Andrew L. Stigler, 2002-03. [ E-Article]

Key Conceptual Reading

  1. “The Evolution of Strategy: Thinking War from Antiquity to the Present”, pp. 313-350, Beatrice Heuser, 2010. [ Hard copy]
  2. “The Command of the Air”, pp. 3-33, Giulio Douhet, 1998. [ Hard copy][ E-Book]
  3. “Voices from the Central Blue: The Air Power Theorists” in Makers of Modern Strategy: from Machiavelli to the Nuclear Age, pp. 624-47, David MacIsaac, 1986. [ Hard copy]
  4. “The Enemy as a System” in Airpower Journal, pp. 40-55, John Warden, 1995. [ E-Article]
  5. “The True Worth of Air Power” in Foreign Affairs, Vol. 83, No. 2, Robert A. Pape, 2004. [ E-Article]

Additional Reading

  1. “Airpower: Theory and Practice”, John Gooch, 1995. [ Hard copy][ E-Book]
  2. “A History of Air Warfare”, John Andreas Olson, 2010. [ Hard copy][ E-Book]
  3. “The Age of Air Power”, Martin Van Creveld, 2012. [ Hard copy][ E-Book]
  4. “How Effective Is Strategic Bombing? : Lessons Learned From World War II to Kosovo”, Gian P. Gentile, 2000. [ Hard copy][ E-Book]
  5. “Strategies of Coercion: Denial, punishment, and the future of air power” in Security Studies 7(3), pp. 182-228, Karl Muller, 1998.
  6. “The Illusion of a Short War” in SAIS Review Vol. 20 No. 1, pp. 133-51, Stephen Blank, 2000.
  7. “The Paths of Heaven: The Evolution of Airpower Theory”, Phillip S. Meilinger, 1997. [ Hard copy]
  8. “Bombing to Win: Air Power and Coercion in War”, Robert Pape, 1996. [ Hard copy][ E-Book]
  9. “The Air Campaign: Planning for Combat”, John Warden, 1988. [ Hard copy]
  10. “Rhetoric and Reality in Air Warfare: The Evolution of British and American Ideas About Strategic Bombing, 1914-1945”, pp. 176-288, Tami Davis Biddle, 2002. [ Hard copy]
  11. “Did Strategic Bombing Work?” in No End Save Victory: Perspectives on World War II, pp. 494-512, Peter Cowley. [ Hard copy]
  12. “A War To Be Won: Fighting the Second World War”, pp. 304-35, Williamson Murray and Allan R. Millett, 2000.[ Hard copy]
  13. “The Air War, 1939-1945”, pp. 102-126, R. J. Overy, 1991.[ Hard copy]
  14. “The Limits of Air Power: The American Bombing of North Vietnam”, Mark Clodfelter, 1989. [ Hard copy]
  15. “Bombs, Cities, and Civilians: American Airpower Strategy in World War II”, Conrad C. Crane, 1993. [ Hard copy]
  16. “Airpower Advantage: Planning the Gulf War Air Campaign, 1989-1991”, Diane T. Putney, 2004. [ Hard copy]
  17. “Shock and Awe: Achieving Rapid Dominance”, Harlan K. Ullman and James P. Wade, 1996. [ Hard copy]
  18. “Chasing the Silver Bullet: U.S. Air Force Weapons Development From Vietnam to Desert Storm”, Kenneth P. Werrell, 2003. [ Hard copy]
  19. “Why Air Forces Fail: The Anatomy of Defeat”, Robin Higham & Stephen J. Harris, 2006.[ Hard copy][ E-Book]

CWS 6: Classical Insurgency and Counterinsurgency

Recommended Videos

  1. The Malayan Emergency [ video]
  2. 20th Century Battlefields: Vietnam [ video]

Required Reading

  1. “Defeating Communist Insurgency: Experiences from Malaya and Vietnam”, Skim Chapter 1 for background, Chapters 4 & 8, Robert Thompson, 1966. [ Hard copy]
  2. “Counterinsurgency Lessons from Malaya and Vietnam: Learning to Eat Soup with a Knife”, Chapters 4 & 8, John A. Nagl, 2002. [ Hard copy][ E-Book]
  3. “Why Big Nations Lose Small Wars: The Politics of Asymmetric Conflict” in Strategic Studies: A Reader, pp. 308-325, Andrew Mack, 2008.[ Hard copy][ E-Book]

Key Conceptual Reading

  1. “Irregular Warfare in David Jordan” in Understanding Modern Warfare, pp. 224-291, James Kiras, 2008.[ Hard copy]
  2. “How Democracies Lose Small Wars, State, Society, and the Failures of France in Algeria, Israel in Lebanon, and the United States in Vietnam”, pp. 3-26, Gil Merom, 2003[ Hard copy]
  3. “On Guerrilla Warfare”, Mao Tse-tung, 1961. [ Hard copy][ E-Book]
  4. “Modern Insurgencies and Counter-insurgencies: Guerrillas and their Opponents Since 1750”, pp. 70-85, 121-150, Ian F.W. Beckett, 2001.[ Hard copy][ E-Book]
  5. “Guerrilla Warfare: A Historical & Critical Study”, pp. 237-325, Walter Laqueur, 1998. [ Hard copy]

Additional Reading

  1. “Counterinsurgency in Modern Warfare”, Daniel Marston & Carter Malkasian, 2008. [ Hard copy]
  2. “The Origins of British Counter-Insurgency” in Small Wars and Insurgencies Vol. 1 No. 3, pp. 209-225, Thomas R. Mockaitis, 1990. [ Hard copy]
  3. “The Malayan Emergency as Counter-Insurgency Paradigm” in Journal of Strategic Studies, Vol 32(3), pp. 383-414, Karl Hack, 2009. [ Hard copy]
  4. “Emergency Propaganda: The Winning of Malayan Hearts and Minds, 1948-1958”, Kumar Ramakrishna, 2002. [ Hard copy, E-Book]
  5. “The War of the Flea: A Study of Guerrilla Warfare Theory and Practice”, Robert Taber, 1970. [ Hard copy]
  6. “Low Intensity Operations: Subversion, Insurgency and Peacekeeping”, Frank Kitson, 1971. [ Hard copy]
  7. “Counterinsurgency Warfare: Theory and Practice”, David Galula, 2009. [ Hard copy, E-Book]
  8. “General Templar and Counter-Insurgency in Malaya: Hearts and Minds, Intelligence, and Propaganda” in Intelligence and National Security, 16 (3), pp. 60-78, Simon C. Smith, 2001.

CWS 7: Military Ethics and Just War Traditions

Required Reading

  1. “Military Ethics: An Introduction with Case Studies”, pp. 8-31, Stephen Coleman, 2013. [ E-Article]
  2. “Just and Unjust Warriors: The Moral and Legal Status of Soldiers”, pp. 1-43, David Rodin & Henry Shue, 2013. [ E-Book]
  3. “Moral Dilemmas of Modern War: Torture, Assassination, and Blackmail in an Age of Asymmetric Conflict”, pp. 1-25, 253-263, Michael L. Gross, 2009. [ Hard copy, E-Book]

Additional Reading

  1. “War and Ethics: A New Just War Theory”, pp. 1-35, Nicholas Fotion, 2007. [ Hard copy]
  2. “Just and Unjust Wars: A Moral Argument with Historical Illustrations”, Chapter 16, Michael Walzer, 2006. [ Hard copy , E-Book]
  3. “Ethics and War in the 21st Century”, Christopher Coker, 2008. [ Hard copy]
  4. “Arguing About War”, Michael Walzer, 2004. [ Hard copy, E-Book]
  5. “Responsibility and Proportionality in State and Nonstate Wars” in Parameters Vol 39 No. 1, pp. 40-52, Michael Walzer, 2009. [ E-Article]
  6. “The Ethics of War and Peace: An Introduction”, pp. 72-94, Helen Frowe, 2011.
  7. “Rethinking the Just War Tradition”, pp. 75-95, Michael Brough, John Lango and Harry Van Der Linden, 2007. [ Hard copy, E-Book]
  8. “Waging Humanitarian War: The Ethics, Law and Politics of Humanitarian Intervention”, pp. 1-32, Eric A. Heinze, 2009. [ Hard copy, E-Book]
  9. “War and Self-defense”, pp. 163-199, Daniel Rodin, 2002. [ Hard copy, E-Book]
  10. “Humanitarian Intervention and the Responsibility to Protect: Who Should Intervene”, James Pattison, 2010. [ E-Book]
  11. “Just War Theory”, Jean Bethke Elshtain, 1992.
  12. “The Ethics of War: Shared Problems in Different Traditions”, Richard Sorabji and David Rodin, 2006. [ Hard copy, E-Book]
  13. “The Ethics of War in Asian Civilizations: A Comparative Perspective”, Tokel Brekke, 2006. [ Hard copy, E-Book]
  14. “The Ethics of War and Peace: Religious and Secular Perspectives”, Terry Nardin, 1996. [ Hard copy]

CWS 8: Information Warfare

Required Reading

  1. “In Athena’s Camp: Preparing for Conflict in the Information Age”, Chapter 1, John Arquila and David Ronfeldt, 1997 [ Hard copy]
  2. “Conquest in Cyberspace: National Security and Information Warfare”, Chapters 1-2, Martin C. Libicki, 2007. [ Hard copy, E-Book]
  3. “More Attacks, Less Violence” in Journal of Strategic Studies 36 (1), Thomas Rid, 2013.

Additional Reading

  1. “Blowback: Information Warfare and the Dynamics of Coercion” in Security Studies 7(4), Peter Feaver, 1998.
  2. “War 2.0: Irregular Warfare in the Information Age”, pp. 13-33, Thomas Rid and Marc Hecker, 2009. [ Hard copy, E-Book]
  3. “Cyber Security & Cyberwar: What Everyone Needs to Know”, P.W. Singer & Allan Friedman, 2014. [ E-Book]
  4. “Strategic Warfare in Cyberspace”, pp. 7-76, Gregory J Rattray, 2001. [ Hard copy, E-Book]
  5. “Networks and Netwars: The Future of Terror, Crime, and Militancy”, pp. 1-25, John Arquila and David Ronfeldt, 2001. [ E-Book]
  6. “Cyber-War: The Next Threat to National Security and What To Do About It”, Richard A. Clarke and Robert K. Knake, 2010. [ Hard copy]
  7. “The Tao of Deception: Unorthodox Warfare in Historic and Modern China”, Ralph D. Sawyer, 2007. [ Hard copy]
  8. “Ideas as Weapons: Influence and Perception in Modern Warfare”, G. J. David Jr & T. R. McKeldin III, 2009). [ Hard copy, E-Book]
  9. “The CNN Effect: The Myth of News Media, Foreign Policy and Intervention”, Piers Robinson, 2002. [ Hard copy, E-Book]
  10. “Cyber Posturing and the Future of Realism: Offense-Defense Balance in the Age of Information and Communication Technology” in Contemporary Security Policy, 34 (1), Ilai Saltzman, 2012
  11. “Cyberwar: A New Absolute Weapon? The Proliferation of Cyberwarfare Capabilities and Interstate War” in Journal of Strategic Studies, Vol. 35 Issue 3, pp. 401-428, Adam P. Liff, 2012. [ E-Article]
  12. “Cyber War Will Not Take Place”, Thomas Rid, 2013. [ E-Book]
  13. “Attributing Cyber Attacks” in Journal of Strategic Studies, 38 (1-2), pp. 4-37, Thomas Rid & Ben Buchanan, 2015. [ E-Article]
  14. “Information Warfare”, Daniel Ventre, 2009. [ Hard copy, E-Book]
  15. “Influence Warfare: How Terrorists and Governments Fight to Shape Perceptions in a War of Ideas”, James J.F. Forest, 2009. [ E-Book]
  16. “The Internet Galaxy: Reflections on the Internet, Business, and Society”, Chapters 1, 2 and 4, Manuel Castells, 2001.

CWS 9: The Future of War and Warfare

Required Reading

  1. “The Utility of Force: The Art of War in the Modern World”, pp. 1-26, 267-305, Rupert Smith, 2007. [ Hard copy, E-Book]
  2. “Conflict in the 21st Century: The Rise of Hybrid Wars”, Frank G. Hoffman, 2007. [ E-Article]
  3. “Wired for War: The Robotics Revolution and Conflict in the 21st Century”, Chapters 5 & 6, P.W. Singer, 2009. [ Hard copy, E-Book]

Additional Reading

  1. “War from the Ground Up: Twenty-First-Century Combat as Politics”, pp. 41-66, 227-244, Emile Simpson, 2012. [ E-Book]
  2. “Ghost Fleet: A Novel of the Next World War”, P.W. Singer & August Cole, 2015.
  3. “The Revenge of Geography: What the Map Tells Us about Coming Conflicts and the Battle Against Fate”, Robert D. Kaplan, 2012 [ Hard copy, E-Book]
  4. “Killing Without Heart: Limits on Robotic Warfare in an Age of Persistent Conflict”, M. Shane Riza, 2013. [ E-Book]
  5. “The Changing Character of War”, Hew Strachan & Sibylle Scheiper, 2014. [ Hard copy]
  6. “Knife Fights: A Memoir of Modern War in Theory and Practice”, John Nagl, 2014. [ E-Book]
  7. “The Accidental Guerrilla: Fighting Small Wars in the Midst of a Big One”, pp. 1-38, David Kilcullen, 2009. [ Hard copy, E-Book ]
  8. “War 2.0: Irregular Warfare in the Information Age”, pp. 1-12, Thomas Rid and Marc Hecker, 2009. [ Hard copy, E-Book]
  9. “Global Civil Society: An Answer to War”, pp. 109-141, Mary Kaldor, 2003. [ Hard copy, E-Book]
  10. “New and Old Wars: Organized Violence in a Global Era”, pp. 71-95, 202-221, Mary Kaldor, 2012. [ Hard copy]
  11. “Another Bloody Century: Future Warfare”, Colin S. Gray, 2007. [ Hard copy]
  12. “Warrior Geeks: How 21st Century Technology is Changing the Way We Fight and Think about War”, Christopher Coker, 2013.
  13. “Victory Among the People: Lessons from Countering Insurgency and Stabilizing Fragile States”, David Richards and Greg Mills, 2011. [ Hard copy]
  14. “The Sling and the Stone: On War in the 21st Century”, Thomas X. Hammes, 2004. [ Hard copy, E-Book]
  15. “Hybrid Warfare: Fighting Complex Opponents from the Ancient World to the Present”, Williamson Murray and Peter R. Mansoor, 2012. [ Hard copy, E-Book]
  16. “The Insurgent Archipelago: From Mao to Bin Laden”, John Mackinlay, 2009. [ Hard copy]

The Analysis of Defence and Security Policies

Foundational Texts

  1. “Statecraft and Security: The Cold War and Beyond”, Ken Booth, 1998. [ Hard copy]
  2. “Contemporary Security Studies”, Alan Collins, 2007. [ Hard copy]
  3. “War Peace and Victory: Strategy and Statecraft for the Next Century”, Colin S. Gray, 1990. [ Hard copy]
  4. “Modern Strategy”, Colin S. Gray, 1999. [ Hard copy]
  5. “Strategic Studies: A Reader”, Thomas G. Mahnken and Joseph A. Maiolo, 2008. [ Hard copy, E-Book]
  6. “The Scientific Study of Peace and War: A Text Reader”, John A. Vasquez and Marie T. Henehan, 1999. [ Hard copy]

Module Introduction

  1. “The Elements of Style” (4th Edition), William Strunk and E.B. White, 2000. [ E-Book]
  2. “My Grammar and I”, Caroline Taggart and J.A. Wines, 2011.

ADSP 1: Foundations of Defense Policy as Theory and Practice & The Meaning of Security

Required Reading

  1. “The Concept of Security” in Review of International Studies, Vol.23, No.1, pp.5-26, David Baldwin, 1997.
  2. “The Concept of Security Before and After September 11” in IDSS Working Paper No. 23, Steve Smith and Amitav Acharya, 2002. [ Hard copy, E-Article]

Secondary Reading

  1. “The Globalization of World Politics”, John Baylis and Steve Smith, 2008. [ Hard copy]
  2. “Globalisation and Insecurity in the Twenty-first Century: NATO and the Management of Risk” in Adelphi Paper no. 345, Christopher Coker, 2002. [ E-Book]
  3. “Contemporary Security Studies”, Alan Collins, 2007. [ Hard copy]
  4. “The Many Faces of Asian Security”, Sheldon W. Simon, 2001. [ Hard copy, E-Book]
  5. “Non-traditional Security Issues in Southeast Asia”, Andrew Tan and J D Kenneth Boutin, 2001. [ Hard copy]
  6. “Globalization and Security in East Asia”, Peter Van Ness, 2000.

ADSP 2: Identifying the National Interest

Readings (The National Interest)

Required Reading

  1. “Concept of the National Interest,” in Orbis (Spring), pp.121-138, Frederick Sondermann, 1977.
  2. “The Concept of the National Interest,” in Orbis, (Spring), pp.73-92, Donald Neuchterlein, 1977.
  3. “The National Interest and Contemporary World Politics,” in Review of Politics, Vol.40, No.1, pp.71-96, Martin Rochester, 1978.
  4. “Redefining the National Interest,” in Foreign Affairs, Vol.78, No.4, pp.22-35, Joseph Nye, 1999. [ E-Article]
  5. “The Role of East Timor’s Security Institutions in National Integration – and Disintegration,” in The Pacific Review, Vol.22, No.5, pp. 575-596, Sven Gunnar Simonsen, 2006. [ E-Article]

Secondary Reading

  1. “The Idea of National Interest: An Analytical Study in American Foreign Policy”, Charles Beard, 1966.
  2. “National Interest”, Joseph Frankel, 1970.

Readings (Geography and Geopolitics)

Required Reading

  1. “Geography and Grand Strategy” in Comparative Strategy, Vol. 10, No. 4, pp. 311-330, Colin S. Gray, 1999.
  2. “The Continued Primacy of Geography” in Orbis, Vol. 40, No. 2, pp. 247-259, Colin S. Gray, 1996. [ E-Article]
  3. “Thinking About Strategy Absent the Enemy” in Security Studies, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 40-85, Emily O. Goldman, 1994.

Secondary Reading

  1. “Military Geography for Professionals and the Public”, John M. Collins, 1998. [ Hard copy, E-Book]
  2. “Geopolitical Traditions: Critical Histories of a Century of Political Thought”, Klaus Dodds and David Atkinson, 2000. [ E-Book]]
  3. “War Peace and Victory: Strategy and Statecraft for the Next Century”, Colin S. Gray, 1990.[ Hard copy]
  4. “Geopolitics, Geography and Strategy”, Colin S. Gray and Geoffrey Sloan, 1999. [ Hard copy, E-Book]
  5. “The Political Geography of Conflict and Peace”, Nurit Kliot and Stanley Waterman, 1991. [ Hard copy]
  6. “Terrain and Tactics”, Patrick O’Sullivan, 1991. [ Hard copy]
  7. “The Geography of Warfare”, Patrick O’Sullivan and Jesse W. Miller, 1983. [ Hard copy, E-Book]
  8. “Critical Geopolitics: The Politics of Writing Global Space”, Gearóid Ó Tuathail, 1996. [ E-Book]
  9. “The Geography of Peace and War”, David Pepper and Alan Jenkins, 1985. [ Hard copy]
  10. “The New Geopolitics”, Michael Don Ward, 1996. [ Hard copy]

Readings (Strategic Culture)

Required Reading

  1. “A Theory of Strategic Culture” in Comparative Strategy, Vol. 10, No. 1, pp. 3-23, Yitzhak Klein, 1991.
  2. “Culture and Military Doctrine” in International Security, Vol. 19, No. 4, pp. 65-93, Elizabeth Kier, 1995. [ E-Article]
  3. “Thinking About Strategic Culture” in International Security, Vol. 19, No. 4, pp. 32-64, Alastair Iain Johnston, 1995. [ E-Article]
  4. “Culture Clash: Addressing the Importance of Ideas in Security Studies” in International Security, vol. 23, No. 1, pp. 141-170, Michael C. Desch, 1998. [ E-Article]

Secondary Reading

  1. “Strategy and Ethnocentrism”, Ken Booth, 1979. [ E-Book]
  2. “Strategic Cultures in the Asia-Pacific Region”, Ken Booth and Russell Trood, 1999. [ Hard copy]
  3. “Culture and Foreign Policy”, Valerie M. Hudson, 1997. [ Hard copy]
  4. “The Culture of National Security: Norms and Identity in World Politics”, Peter J. Katzenstein, 1996. [ Hard copy, E-Book]
  5. “Strategic Culture: from Clausewitz to Constructivism”, Jeffrey S. Lantis, 2006. [ E-Article]
  6. “The World In Their Minds: Information Processing, Cognition, and Perception in Foreign Policy Decision-Making”, Yaacov Y.I. Vertzberger, 1990.[ Hard copy]
  7. “Strategic Culture in the Asia-Pacific Region”, Desmond Ball, 1993. [ Hard copy]

ADSP 3: Securing the National Interest & Singapore’s Security Environment

Required Reading

  1. “A Theory of Strategic Culture” in Comparative Strategy, Vol. 10, No. 1, pp. 3-23, Yitzhak Klein, 1991.
  2. “Culture and Military Doctrine” in International Security, Vol. 19, No. 4, pp. 65-93, Elizabeth Kier, 1995. [ E-Article]
  3. “Thinking About Strategic Culture” in International Security, Vol. 19, No. 4, pp. 32-64, Alastair Iain Johnston, 1995. [ E-Article]
  4. “Culture Clash: Addressing the Importance of Ideas in Security Studies” in International Security, vol. 23, No. 1, pp. 141-170, Michael C. Desch, 1998. [ E-Article]

Required Reading

  1. “Strategy and Contingency” in International Affairs, 87, no.6, pp.1281-1296, Hew Strachan, 2011. [ E-Article]
  2. “What is Grand Strategy?”, John Lewis Gaddis, 2009. [ E-Article]
  3. “Defining and Teaching Grand Strategy” in The Telegram, Vol.4, Timothy Andrews Sayle, 2011. [ E-Article]
  4. “The Domestic Bases of Grand Strategy”, pp. 3-47, Richard Rosecrance and Arthur A. Stein, 1993. [ Hard copy]
  5. “Can the United States Do Grand Strategy?” in Orbis, Vol.54, No.1, pp.165-184, Walter McDougall, 2010. [ E-Article]
  6. “Small Country ‘Total Defence’: A Case Study of Singapore,” in Defence Studies 7, no. 3, pp.376-395, Ron Matthews, and Nellie Zhang Yan, 2007. [ E-Article]
  7. “Excerpts From an Interview with Lee Kuan Yew”, New York Times, August 20, 2007. [ E-Article]
  8. “Peripheral to Norm? The Expeditionary Role of the Third Generation Singapore Armed Forces” in Defence Studies, Vol.11, No.3, pp.541-558, Ong Weichong, 2011. [ E-Article]
  9. “Punching Above Its Weight: Singapore’s Armed Forces and Its Contribution to Foreign Policy” in Defence Studies, Vol.11, No.4, pp.672-697, Andrew Tan, 2011. [ E-Article]

Secondary Reading

  1. “War, Peace and International Relations: An Introduction to Strategic History”, Colin Gray, 2007. [ E-Book]
  2. “Strategy: The Logic of War and Peace”, Edward Luttwak, 1987. [ Hard copy]
  3. “War, Strategy and Intelligence”, Michael I. Handel, 1989. [ Hard copy, E-Book]
  4. “Perception and Misperception in International Politics”, Robert Jervis, 1976. [ Hard copy, E-Book]
  5. “Military Threats: A Systematic Historical Analysis of the Determinants of Success”, Peter Karsten, Peter D. Howell, and Artis Frances Allen, 1984). [ Hard copy, E-Book]
  6. “Intelligence Policy and National Security”, Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Uri Ra'anan, and Warren Milberg, 1981. [ Hard copy]

ADSP 4: Maintaining a Friendly Strategic Environment

Required Reading

  1. “Discord and Collaboration: Essays on International Politics”, Chapter 2 and 5, Arnold Wolfers, 1962. [ Hard copy]
  2. “Diplomacy” in The Globalization of World Politics (3 Ed.), pp.387-403, Brian White, 2006. [ Hard copy]
  3. “The End of Secrecy” in Power and Conflict in the Age of Transparency, pp.13-28, Ann Florini, 2000. [ Hard copy, E-Book]
  4. “From ‘Boots’ to ‘Brogues’: The Rise of Defence Diplomacy in Southeast Asia” in RSIS Monograph no. 21, Bhubhindar Singh and See Seng Tan, 2011. [ E-Article]
  5. “Asia Pacific Confidence and Security Building Measures”, pp.1-18, Ralph A. Cossa, 1995. [ Hard copy]
  6. “Constructing a Security Community in Southeast Asia: ASEAN and the Problem of Regional Order”, Amitav Acharya, 2001. [ Hard copy, E-Book]

Secondary Reading

  1. “Asian Security Order”, Muthiah Alagappa, 2003. [ Hard copy]
  2. “Pondering Postinternationalism: A Paradigm for the Twenty-First Century, Heidi H. Hobbs, 2000. [ E-Book]
  3. “International Relations in Southeast Asia: The Struggle for Autonomy”, Donald Weatherbee, 2005. [ Hard copy, E-Book]
  4. “Globalization and Security in East Asia”, Peter Van Ness, 2000.

ADSP 5: Building the Military Instrument and the Challenges of Arms Modernization in Asia

Required Reading

  1. “To What Ends Military Power?” in International Security, Vol. 4, No. 4, pp. 3-35, Robert J. Art, 1980.
  2. “On the Objectives of Arms Control” in International Security, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 17-36, Bernard Brodie, 1976.
  3. “The War Trap”, Bruce Bueno de Mesquita, 1981. [ Hard copy]
  4. “Arms Control and World Order” in International Security, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 3-16, Hedley Bull, 1976.
  5. “Bridging the Gaps on Arms Control” in Contemporary Security Policy, Vol. 18, No. 2, pp. 1-24, Nancy Gallagher, 1997.
  6. “The Arms Dynamic in World Politics”, pp. 75-127, Barry Buzan and Eric Herring, 1998. [ Hard copy]

Secondary Reading

  1. “Seeking Security and Development: The Impact of Military Spending and Arms Transfers”, Norman A. Graham, 1994. [ Hard copy]
  2. “House of Cards: Why Arms Control Must Fail”, Colin S. Gray, 1992. [ Hard copy]
  3. “Weapons Don't Make War: Policy, Strategy, & Military Technology”, Colin S. Gray, 1993. [ Hard copy]
  4. “Exploding the Powder Keg Myth: Pre-emptive Wars Almost Never Happen” in International Security, Vol. 20, No. 2, pp. 5-34, Dan Reiter, 1995. [ E-Article]

ADSP 6: Deterrence and Coercion

Required Reading

  1. “The Anatomy of Deterrence,” in World Politics, Vol. 11, pp.173-92, Bernard Brodie, 1959.
  2. “The Concept of Deterrence in the Postwar Era”, in Security Studies, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 25-36, Richard K. Betts, 1991.
  3. “Rational Deterrence Theory and Comparative Case Studies,” in World Politics, Vol. 61, pp.143-69, H.A. Christopher and David Snidal, 1989. [ E-Article]
  4. “The Logic of Conventional Deterrence and the End of the Cold War”, in Security Studies, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 86-114, Richard J. Harknett, 1994.
  5. “How to Deter Terrorism” in Washington Quarterly, Vol.35, No.2, pp.21-36, Matthew Kroenig and Barry Pavel, 2012. [ E-Article]
  6. “Deterring Terrorism: It Can Be Done” in International Security, Vol.30, No.3, pp.87-123, Robert Trager et al., 2006. [ E-Article]
  7. “Arms and Influence”, Chapter 1, Thomas C. Schelling, 1966. [ Hard copy, E-Book]
  8. “The Strategy of Conflict”, Chapter 2, Thomas C. Schelling, 1960. [ E-Book]

Secondary Reading

  1. “Military Persuasion: Deterrence and Provocation in Crisis and War”, Stephen J. Cimbala, 1994. [ Hard copy]
  2. “Deterrence”, Lawrence Freedman, 2004. [ Hard copy]
  3. “Deterrence and Defense in a Post-Nuclear World”, Gary L. Guertner, 1990. [ Hard copy]
  4. “Conventional Deterrence and Conventional Retaliation in Europe” in International Security, Vol. 8, No. 3, pp. 32-56, Samuel P. Huntington, 1983.
  5. “Extended Deterrence and the Prevention of War”, Paul K. Huth, 1988. [ Hard copy]
  6. “Reputations and Deterrence: A Theoretical and Empirical Assessment” in Security Studies, Vol. 7, No. 1, pp. 72-99, Paul K. Huth, 1997.
  7. “Psychology and Deterrence”, Robert Jervis, Richard Ned Lebow and Janice Gross Stein, 1985. [ Hard copy]
  8. “The Rational Deterrence Theory Debate: Is the Dependent Variable Elusive?” in Security Studies, Vol. 3, No. 3, pp. 384-427, Eli Lieberman, 1994.
  9. “Strategy: The Logic of War and Peace”, Edward N. Luttwak, 1987. [ Hard copy]
  10. “Conventional Deterrence”, John J. Mearsheimer, 1983. [ Hard copy, E-Book]
  11. “Reputation and International Politics”, Jonathan Mercer, 1996. [ Hard copy]
  12. “Rationality and the Analysis of International Conflict”, Michael Nicholson, 1992. [ Hard copy]
  13. “Deterrence and Defense: Toward a Theory of National Security”, Glenn H. Snyder, 1961. [ E-Book]

ADSP 7: Offensive and Defensive Strategy and the Problem of Pre-emption

Required Reading

  1. “The Cult of the Offensive and the Origins of the First World War” in International Security, Vol. 12, No. 4, pp. 58-107, Steven Van Evera, 1984.
  2. “Offense, Defense, and the Causes of War” in International Security, Vol. 22, No. 4, pp. 5-43, Steven Van Evera, 1998. [ E-Article]
  3. “Defensive Defense and the Nature of Armed Conflict” in Journal of Strategic Affairs, Vol. 14, No. 1, pp. 27-48, Gordon Akavia, 1991.
  4. “The Foundations of Defensive Defence”, Anders Boserup and Robert Neild, 1990. [ Hard copy]
  5. “Offence-Defence Theory and the Security Dilemma: The Problem with Marginalizing the Context” in Contemporary Security Policy, Vol. 18, No. 3, A. Butfoy, 1997.
  6. “What is the Offense-Defense Balance and Can We Measure It?” in International Security, Vol. 22, No. 4, pp. 44-82, Charles L. Glaser and Chaim Kaufmann, 1998. [ E-Article]
  7. “Common Security and Nonoffensive Defensive Defense: A Neorealist Perspective”, Bjorn Møller, 1992.
  8. ”Non-Offensive Defence for the Twenty-First Century”, Bjorn Møller and Håkan Wiberg, 1994. [ Hard copy]

ADSP 8: Grappling with the New Security Environment: Non-State Actors, Participating in UN Peacekeeping Operations and other Operations Other Than War [OOTW]

Required Reading

  1. “Non-State Actors in World Politics: a Framework”, pp.1-20, Daphne Josselin and William Wallace, 2001. [ Hard copy, E-Book]
  2. “Activists Beyond Borders: Advocacy Networks in International Politics”, Chapter 1, Margaret E. Keck and Kathryn Sikkink, 1998. [ Hard copy, E-Book]
  3. “Private Military Companies: Mercenaries for the 21st Century” in Small Wars & Insurgencies, Vol. 13 No.2, pp. 54 – 67, Thomas K. Adams, 2002.
  4. “The Iraq War Logs: Private Armies a Savior and Menace” in International Herald Tribune, October 25 2010, James Glanz and Andrew W. Lehren, 2010.
  5. “The Media and International Security”, pp.3-10, Stephen Badsey, 2000. [ Hard copy][ E-Book]
  6. “Information Warfare in an Age of Globalization”, in War and the Media: Reporting Conflict 24/7, pp.57-69, Frank Webster, 2003.[ E-Book]
  7. “The CNN Effect: The Myth of News, Foreign Policy and Intervention”, Chapter 1, pp. 7-24, 2002. [ Hard copy][ E-Book]
  8. “The Evolution of Peace Operations from the Nineteenth Century” in Peace Operations between War and Peace, pp.4-20, Erwin A. Schmidl, 2000. [ Hard copy]
  9. “Contesting the Neutral Space: A Thematic Analysis of Military Humanitarianism” in Land Warfare Studies Centre Working Paper Series, no. 137, Richard Barrett, 2010.
  10. “Humanitarian Spaces: Spaces of Exception” in In the Shadow of ‘Just Wars’: Violence, Politics and Humanitarian Action, pp.297-313, Michel Agier and Francoise Bouchet-Saulnier, 2004.
  11. “Humanitarian Intervention in World Politics” in The Globalization of World Politics, pp. 522-538, Alex J. Bellamy and Nicholas J. Wheeler, 2008. [ Hard copy]
  12. “Intervention as a Challenge for the Military” in International Intervention: Sovereignty versus Responsibility, pp.114-125, Gustav Daniker, 2002. [ Hard copy][ E-Book]
  13. “Armed Humanitarians: The Rise of the Nation Builders”, Chapter 4, Nathan Hodge, 2011. [ Hard copy]

Secondary Reading

  1. “Late-Breaking Foreign Policy: The News Media’s Influence on Peace Operations”, Chapter 3, Warren P. Strobel, 1997. [ Hard copy]
  2. “Foreign Policy in Global Information Space: Actualizing Soft Power”, Chapter 2, Alan Chong, 2007. [ E-Book]
  3. “The Responsibility to Protect: A Primer”, Global Center for the Responsibility to Protect, 2009. [ E-Article]
  4. “Report of the Panel on United Nations Peace Operations”, pp. viii-xv, 54-58, United Nations, 2000.
  5. “World Summit Outcome Factsheet”, United Nations, 2005. [ E-Article]
  6. “Draft Report - New Head of Support Office Says Peace ‘Ultimate Public Good,’ Peacebuilding One of Key Areas for Future Relevance of United Nations”, United Nations Peacebuilding Commission, 2009. [ E-Article]
  7. “The United Nations and Changing World Politics”, Part 1, Thomas G. Weiss, 2007. [ Hard copy]
  8. “Al-Jazeera and US war coverage”, Tal Samuel-Azran, 2010. [ Hard copy]
  9. “Contemporary Security Studies”, 2nd Edition, Alan Collins, 2010. [ Hard copy]
  10. “An Agenda for Peace – Preventive Diplomacy, Peace-making and Peace-keeping”, Report of the Secretary-General pursuant to the statement adopted by the Summit Meeting of the Security Council on 31 January 1992, Boutros Boutros-Ghali., 1992 [ Hard copy, E-Article]

ADSP 9: Crisis and Insecurity

Required Reading

  1. “Soldiers, Statesmen, and Cold War Crises”, Richard K. Betts, 1977. [ Hard copy]
  2. “Surprise Attack: NATO’s Political Vulnerability” in International Security, Vol. 5, No. 4, pp. 117-149, Richard K. Betts, 1981.
  3. “Surprise Attack: Lessons for Defense Planning”, Richard K. Betts, 1982. [ Hard copy]
  4. “Measuring Military Readiness: Analytical Complexity and Policy Confusion” in Security Studies, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 483-513, Richard K. Betts, 1992.
  5. “Military Readiness: Concepts, Choices, Consequences”, Richard K. Betts, 1995. [ Hard copy]
  6. “Threat Perception in International Crisis”, Raymond Cohen, 1979. [ E-Article]
  7. “Avoiding War: Problems of Crisis Management”, Alexander L. George, 1991. [ Hard copy]

Secondary Reading

  1. “Crucial Decisions: Leadership in Policymaking and Crisis Management”, Irving L. Janis, 1989. [ Hard copy]
  2. “Between Peace and War: The Nature of International Crisis”, Richard Ned Lebow, 1981. [ Hard copy]
  3. “Decision-making during International Crises”, Jonathan M. Roberts, 1988.
  4. “The Strategy of Conflict”, Thomas Schelling, 1960.
  5. “Pearl Harbour: Warning and Decision”, Roberta Wohlstetter, 1962. [ Hard copy]

Maritime Security Studies (MSS) Module

Lesson 1

Required Reading

  1. “Seapower: A Guide to the Twenty-First Century”, Third Edition, Chapter 6, pp. 144-156, Geoffrey Till, 2013. [ Hard copy, E-Book]
  2. “Seapower: A Guide to the Twenty-First Century”, Third Edition, Chapter 7, pp. 157-183, Geoffrey Till, 2013. [ Hard copy, E-Book]

Lesson 2

Required Reading

  1. “Seapower: A Guide to the Twenty-First Century”, Third Edition, Chapter 8, pp. 184-209, Geoffrey Till, 2013. [ Hard copy, E-Book]
  2. “Seapower: A Guide to the Twenty-First Century”, Third Edition, Chapter 9, pp. 210-220, Geoffrey Till, 2013. [ Hard copy, E-Book]
  3. “Seapower: A Guide to the Twenty-First Century”, Third Edition, Chapter 11, pp. 252- 281, Geoffrey Till, 2013. [ Hard copy, E-Book]

Lesson 3

Required Reading

  1. “Seapower: A Guide to the Twenty-First Century”, Third Edition, Chapter 5, pp. 116-143, Geoffrey Till, 2013. [ Hard copy, E-Book]
  2. “Navies and the Flexible Application of Power”, pp. 39-45, in Naval Diplomacy and Maritime Power Projection: Proceedings of the Royal Australian Navy Sea Power Conference 2013, Thomas G. Mahnken, 2014.
  3. “The Dilemma of Naval Modernisation in East Asia” in RSIS Commentaries, No. 168/2012, Sukjoon Yoon, 2012. [ E-Article

Lesson 4

Required Reading

  1. “The Spectre of an Asian Arms Race” in Survival: Global Politics and Strategy, Vol. 56, Issue 1, pp. 139-156, Christian Le Mière, 2014. [ E-Article]
  2. “Asia’s naval expansion: an arms race in the making?” in Adelphi Series, Vol. 2012, No. 432-433, Chapter One, pp. 31-63, Geoffrey Till, 2012. [ Hard copy, E-Article]

Lesson 5

Required Reading

  1. “Maritime Piracy Confrontations Across the Globe: Can Crew Action Shape the Outcomes?” in Marine Policy 64, pp. 116-122, Justin S. Lewis, 2016.
  2. “Maritime Security Beyond Military Operations: A Civilian Perspective” in The RUSI Journal, Vol. 158, Issue 1, pp. 48-52, Chris Trelawny, 2013. [ E-Article]

Lesson 6

Required Reading

  1. “Norm Subsidiarity and Institutional Cooperation: Explaining the Straits of Malacca Anti-Piracy Regime” in The Pacific Review, Vol. 28, Issue 4, pp. 529-552, Terence Lee and Kevin McGahan, 2015.
  2. “Southeast Asia's Maritime Piracy: Challenges, Legal Instruments and a Way Forward” in Australian Journal of Maritime & Ocean Affairs, Vol. 6, Issue 3, pp. 154-169, Ahmad Almaududy Amri, 2014. [ E-Article]
  3. “Legal Measures to Combat Piracy and Armed Robbery in the Horn of Africa and in Southeast Asia: A Comparison” in Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, Vol. 35 Issue 7-8, pp. 570-587, Tara Davenport, 2012. [ E-Article]

Lesson 7

Required Reading

  1. “When Terrorism Goes to Sea: Terrorist Organizations and the Move to Maritime Targets” in Terrorism and Political Violence, Vol. 27, Issue 4, pp. 722-740, Victor Asal and Justin V. Hastings, 2015.
  2. “Terrorist Threats from the Maritime Domain: Singapore’s Response” in RSIS Commentaries, No. 197/2014, Joseph Franco and Romain Quivooji, 2014. [ E-Article]

Lesson 8

Required Reading

  1. “’Blue National Soil’ and the Unwelcome Return of ‘Classical’ Geopolitics” in Global Change, Peace & Security, Vol. 27, Issue 2, pp. 229-236, Paul Richardson, 2015.
  2. “Innocent Passage of Warships in East Asian Territorial Seas” in Australian Journal of Maritime & Ocean Affairs, Vol. 3, Issue 3, pp. 73-81, Thomas Windsor, 2011. [ E-Article]
  3. “Navigational Freedoms in a Time of Insecurity” in Strategic Analysis, Vol. 31, Issue 2, pp. 365-399, Jon M. Van Dyke, 2007.
  4. “Military and Intelligence Gathering Activities in the EEZ: Definition of Key Terms” in Marine Policy 29 (2005), pp. 123-137, Moritaka Hayashi, 2005.

Lesson 9

Required Reading

  1. “Putting Air Defense Identification Zones on the Radar” in Policy Brief, CIGI Graduate Fellow Series, No. 1, Joëlle Charbonneau, Katie Heelis and Jinelle Piereder, 2015. [ E-Article]
  2. “Ruling the Sea: Managing Maritime Conflicts through UNCLOS and Exclusive Economic Zones” in International Interactions: Empirical and Theoretical Research in International Relations, Vol. 40, Issue 5, pp. 711-736, Stephen C. Nemeth, 2014. [ E-Article]
  3. “On International Arbitrations for the Settlement of Boundary Maritime Delimitation Disputes and Disputes from Joint Development Agreements for the Exploitation of Offshore Natural Resources” in The International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law 25, pp. 63-80, Kyriaki Noussia, 2010.

Lesson 10

Required Reading

  1. “East Asia's Maritime Disputes: Fishing in Troubled Waters” in The Washington Quarterly, Vol. 37, Issue 1, pp. 79-98, Alan Dupont and Christopher G. Baker, 2014. [ E-Article]
  2. “Sea Power, Maritime Disputes, and the Evolving Security of the East and South China Seas” in The RUSI Journal, Vol. 158, Issue 6, pp. 48- 57, Alessio Patalano, 2013. [ E-Article]

Lesson 11

Required Reading

  1. “Security of Maritime Trade: A Cooperative and Coordinated Approach for the Indo-Pacific Region” in Australian Journal of Maritime & Ocean Affairs, Vol. 4, Issue 1, pp. 1-10, Phil Johnston, 2012. [ E-Article]
  2. “Solving the Wicked Problems of Maritime Security: Are Regional Forums up to the Task?” in Contemporary Southeast Asia, Vol. 33, No. 1, pp. 1-28, Sam Bateman, 2011. [ E-Article]

Lesson 12

Required Reading

  1. “Maritime Security Governance in the Indian Ocean Region” in Journal of the Indian Ocean Region, Vol. 12, Issue 1, pp. 5-23, Sam Bateman, 2016.
  2. “China’s 21st Century Maritime Silk Road Initiative, Energy Security and SLOC Access” in Maritime Affairs: Journal of the National Maritime Foundation of India, Vol. 11, No. 1, pp. 1-18, Christopher Len, 2015.
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